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I hope to give you interesting infos.
Thanks for your visit!

 

 

+++ NEWS +++ Tristan da Cunha +++ 50th Anniversary +++ volcano outbreak with evacuation in October 1961 +++

>>>> more information see Volcano Period page 

 

<< Links to additional Tristan pages see green link bar

 

Tristan da Cunha - the world remotest inhabited island in the South Atlantic

 

click into the picture and enjoy a 2 minutes video of Tristan da Cunha (Youtube) - and please come back!

  

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Tristan from the Sea - Christmas Card ~2000

 

British flag with ship's figurehead, photo ~1946

 

handmade Christmas Card 1953, painted and written by Ann and Ron Harding (schoolmaster), inside with Horseshoe cachet - see below

  

 

Hand drawn illuminated map showing many of the features of Tristan by Joan Bee, daughter of an HMS Carlisle Surgeon, when that ship visited in 1937. Predates Crawford's map of 1938. Unknown until auctioned in the UK in 2001 !!

 

arrival of mail 

 

 

 

 

  

 

 Potatoe patches

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Postal history of Tristan da Cunha - Part II see next page

 

Every collector prefers his own topic.

One of my favorite topics is the social and postal history of Tristan da Cunha.

 

First - you have to know all about your topic if you want to start a collection. Here are the first cancellations of Tristan da Cunha (the missionary handstamps) before the first post office was opened on 1st January 1952 and the datestamps and private handstamps up to date:

 

 

The Tristan da Cunha handstamps 

A lot of publications were printed about the Tristan da Cunha handstamps, but sometimes it remains difficult to distinguish between the different types – and who knows about their value?

But - be sure that there is no need to be complete - to be complete could mean LIFE IS OVER - no, the way is the target.

Even if some cachets are easy to recognize, some are not, so I want to give a summary of these – partly – very scarce cachets. The pictures are not in original size.

 

Type I to Type X - pre 1952

 

Cachet

 

 

Type                                               

 

Usage                                                   

 

Measures / est. value                                                  

 

Specifications / Comments

 

Type I     (Crabb)

C1          (Proud)

 

19 DEC 1908 / Whaler Canton -

13 DEC 1919 / Clan MacMillan

 

11 years

 

25 mm / diameter

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.200 £ (Proud)

 

double ring, violet ink

 

TRISTAN DA CUNHA

 

Despite it’s long usage the type I handstamp is one of the rarest Tristan cachets

 

Type II    (Crabb)

C2          (Proud)

 

 

 

 

 

 

31 JY 1919 / HMS Yarmouth –

JAN 1934 / Ponape

 

15 years

 

 

33,5 mm 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

350 £ (Proud)

 

 

double ring, violet and black ink

 

Between the outer in inner ring:

*TRISTAN DA CUNHA*

In the middle:

SOUTH ATLANTIC)

 

Type III    (Crabb)

C3           (Proud)

 

JAN 1921 / unknown ship –

8 JAN 1932 / HMS Carlisle

 

11 years

 

28 mm 

 

 

 

 

 

300 £ (Proud)

 

triple ring, black ink

 

between the 2 outer rings and the 3rd ring:

 

TRISTAN DA CUNHA

divided with a cross

 

different letters and another form of the cross as Type V, VI, other diameter as Type VII

 

Type IV    (Crabb)

C4            (Proud)

 

25 FEB 1928 / Empress of France –

17 MY 1932 / Arizona Maru

 

4 years

 

39 mm 

 

Used red ink until 1931

Val. 550 £ (Proud)

 

black ink from 7 JAN 1931,

with exceptions – I have a black ink cancellation on cover transported with Baron Tweedsmouth 26 OC 1928

Val. 950 £ (Proud)

 

very scarce

 

triple ring, red & black ink

 

between the 2 outer rings and the 3rd ring:

 

TRISTAN DA CUNHA

divided with a star

 

Rev. Partridge used the handstamp on board of Arizona Maru with endorsed his signature and date

 

 

 

 

 

 

Type IVa   (Crabb)

C4            (Proud)

 

Type IV and the bandeau.

 

First usage of both:

28 OCT 1928 / Baron Tweedsmouth –

15 MY 1929 / Halesius

 

7 months

 

39 mm 

 

Val. 2.500 £ (Proud)

 

very scarce

 

 

red ink

2 separate cachets, the “bandeau” used inside the type IV cachet – or separately

 

“bandeau” is part of a triple ring handstamp. Between the 2 outer rings and the 3rd ring:

 

ISLAND OF

 

Type V     (Crabb)

C5            (Proud)

 

24 FEB 1929 / Duchess of Atholl –

24 AUG 1940

 

14 years

 

28 mm 

 

Val. 40 £ (Proud)

 

common

 

blue or black ink

normally used without endorsement

 

triple ring cachet, other letters than Type III (i.e. the “T”),

broken inner circle under “A” of Cunha

 

Type Va   (Crabb)

C6            (Proud)

 

15 MY 1929 / Hamala –

12 FB 1930 / Tymeric

 

9 months

 

28 mm 

Val. 2.500 £ (Proud)

 

scarcest Tristan cachet

 

violet ink

pictured is a proof of the handstamp with black ink (fig.1)

 

Part of “T” missing

Top of “C” missing

Top of “N” missing

 

The cachet is also known as an offset (inverted) – see Crabb’s Bible P. 196

 

 

 

 fig.1 – picture of the Type Va handstamp, still in private hands and a souvenir card written 1961 by Missionary Lindsay with confirmation about its use on Tristan da Cunha 

 

 

uncacheted endorsed "Tristan da Cunha

 

28 MY 1933 -    

19 FEB 1934 

 

handwritten 

 

when Rev. Partridge left Tristan Type V had been taken away.

Rev. Wilde brought it back on the latter date 

 

Type VI    (Crabb)

C7          (Proud)                                       

 

11 AUG 1936 / Hamala – 8 MY 1946 / SAS Transvaal with a gap between

11 FEB 1942 – End WWII

 

10 years                                                    

 

28 mm

 

val. 50 £ (Proud)

 

rare

 

difference to Tpye VII:

smaller letters,

smaller size,

other diameter

 

difference to Type III:

compare the "A" and "T" typeface                                                                                                 

 

 

 

 

Type VII    (Crabb)

C8             (Proud)

 

1 FEB 1938 / Soumen Joutsen –

11 JAN 1948 HMSAS Good Hope

Not used from March 1940 – 1 MY 1945

 

9 years

 

30 mm

 

val. 50 £ (Proud)

 

more common as Type VI

 

in some minor cases the date of departure is endorsed.

In contrast to the Crabb Bible the last day of usage was with the visit of SMSAS Good Hope

 

Type VIII   (Crabb)

C9             (Proud)

 

provided by Allan Crawford

 

10 MY 1946 –

28 JAN 1949 / H.M.S.A.S. Transvaal

 

3 years

 

30 mm

 

val. 90 £ (Proud)

 

rare

 

difference to Type VII:

other letters,

wider “A” of Cunha,

other cross 

 

Type IX    (Crabb)

C10         (Proud)

 

supplied to Rev. Lawrence and first usage during the Tristan Venture 

29 FEB 1948 –

15 FEB 1950 / Pequena

 

2 years

 

- square cachet

common

 

- with endorsed handwritten date

rare

 

- dated cachet of 1 DEC 1949 (the only known date)

scarce

~250 £ (est.)

 

the only legitimate cachet to carry the Edinburgh Settlement name.

 

In minor cases a datestamp is imprinted in the space above “Edinburgh”

 

some sources change the Type No. with Type X

 

origin of Type X

Cachet "F"

 

A.B. Crawford’s private cachet with initials “A.B.C” used during WWII from 1943 – 1945

 

oval cachet

 

rare

 

Occurs on the reverse of the first Tristan newspaper “The Tristan Times” on the reverse with handwritten no. of the island newspaper.

Later used for postal purposes without the initials “A.B.C.”

 

 

Type X     (Crabb)

C11         (Proud)

 

Private cachet of A. Crawford during the war, first postally used

2 FE 1948 - 6 MR 1948 during Tristan Venture Expedition -scarce usage!

2nd period:

12 MR 1950 / Pequena –

21 JY 1951

With “month” in date

 

16 months

 

oval cachet

 

some sources change the Type No. with Type IX because of the first postal usage was a few days earlier than of Tye IX

 

Type X     (Crabb)

C11         (Proud)

 

Same as before, but date in numbered form

 

21–7–51   -

19–12–51

 

6 months

 

oval cachet

 

rare                                                       

 

 

Horseshoe cachet

cachet "K"

 

provided from the stamp dealer Victor Marsh pseud. H.Edgar Weston 1951.                      

 

Marsh prepared 1.000 covers with that postmark and sent them in a bulk to Tristan for remailing to England.

The Admin., Hugh Elliott returned the covers in a parcel. Marsh put some covers in GB letterboxes to get postal due stamps cancelled with a datestamp.

Later the handstamp was sent by Marsh to the Tristan schoolmaster Harding who used the cachet on private mail.

Shackleton-Rowett-Antarctic Expedition  

During the stay of Shackleton’s ship RYS Quest on Tristan and Gough Island

20 MY 1922 –

25 MY 1922

 

6 days

val. 750 £ (Proud)

 

 

scarce 

not a pure Tristan datestamp but used on Tristan da Cunha by the crew of the Quest.

 

The Quest was on her way home after Shackleton has died at 5th JAN 1922 on South Georgia

boxed Cachet "E"

 

private cachet of A.B. Crawford

 

1948 - 20-3-1962 (HMS Protector)

71,5 mm x 14 mmsimilar cachets from Marion Island and Bouvet Island
 

 

Now the past 1952 handstamps - after opening of the first Post Office and the sub-Post Office on Gough Island

 

 

Gough Island sub-Post Office datestamp most common is the date of 14 DE 1955                                                        

14-12-55 - 28-5-57                                                       

one line cachet above, only used on last day souvenir cards produced by Administrator Godfrey Harris after closing down of the sub post office on Gough Island - see page 260 "Crabb Bible" - scarce.

One line cachet below applied on some covers of 14-12-55, the date of the first mail of the Gough Island Expedition, common

                   

boxed cachet on nearly every Gough mail - common - 

2 line cachet - seldom seen on Gough mail -

scarce

 Type "A"                                           only used on 1-1-1952, the first day of the opening of the Post Office                                       

Day over month & year     

Type A-D were destroyed by the Administrator Peter Wheeler when the island was evacuated in October 1961 after the eruption of the volcano. Wheeler threw all handstamps and the stock of stamps into the Atlantic to avoid misuse.

 Type "B" 1-1-1952 - 11-10-1961Asterisk over day & month, over year

Type "B" was also used on 1-1-1952 for some FDCs - supposed, that FDCs with Type "B" cancellation were cancelled later until February 1952 by favour.

"True" FDCs seems to be struck with Type "A"

 Type "C" 1952 - 11-10-1961No Asterisk, month & date, over year no usage on 1-1-1952

 Type "D" 1952 - 11-10-1961Asterisk

 

over month & date, over year
 no usage on 1-1-1952

 Type "D" inverted "8" 8 May 1960

see "D"

rare

 wrong setting of the "8"

 Type "D" with wrong year "28" instead of "52"                                28 OC 1952 during visit of HMS Actaeon

see "D"

rare

 occasional usage of "28"

 Type XI

30th JA 1962 and

26th MR 1962

official expedition cachet of the Royal Society Expedition

30 mm / diamenter

cachet of the Society Expedition period when TdC was evacuated (see "postal history" on next side) and no post office was working, no official datestamp was in use and no Tristan stamps were available.

Used on SAS Transvaal on 30th January 1962 (524 covers posted) and returned to Cape Town at 7th February 1962 (1st Expedtion mail) and

on HMS Protector (296 covers) at 20th March 1962 / 3rd Expedition mail.

 Type XIa

5th March 1962

 

same as Type XI without the centre wording

very rare - only 85 covers cancelled

used during the Society Expedition period and only known on mail taken aboard MV Frances Repetto - most of the mail received the Paquebot postmark Cape Town dated 16th March 1962 upon arrival (2nd Expedition mail). 

Mainly commercial mail written by expedition members.

 Type XIINovember 1962 - end 1963 (?)small gap in the inner ring opposite letter "H"

used during the Resettlement period until the first issue of stamps 12-4-1963

 

 Type XIIIused during Resettlement period 

 

 

Cachet "V"

 

private cachet of Willie Repetto, used by Johnie Repetto as a member of the Resettlement Party

used during Resettlement period

24 mm / diameter

 

rare - seldom seen

 

Cachet "O"used during Resettlement period, provided by William Mayo68 mm / diameterfor use on souvenir covers

Resettlement cachet

used during Resettlement period 

 

 

Attention !!!

Private dealer Paquebot cachet used on visit of the QEII on World Cruise

8-2-1979

26 mm / diameter

 

By exclusive agreement with Cunard Line stamp dealers had the right to deal with all aspects of mailing operations from the QEII at Tristan. Covers with that cachet had no connection to the Tristan postal system

 

Official / new one ring datestamp after Resettlement period

PO1

12-4-1963 (MV Boissevain) - 5-June 1990

28 mm / diameter

 

Official / one ring datestamp

PO2

in use ~198233 mm / diameter

only in use during a short period ~1982

the handstamp was disliked and therefore only in use during a short period

A similar FDC datestamp was used only for the 1982 Diana's 21st Birthday (First Day of Issue on top / Tristan da Cunha below the date)

Paquebot datestamp

PQ1

11 NOV. 1979(e.g.)            38 mm / diameter 

in the last 3 years the year date inserted by hand (as seen on the scan)

Paquebot datestamp

PQ2

27-1-1993 (e.g.)45 mm / diameter

in use until 1992, in 1993 because of the missing "3" the last figure of the year was inserted by hand.

Last usage 1994 when HMS St. Helena visited TdC in February

Paquebot datestamp

PQ3

1993 - 04 - 17 (e.g.) or

 1993- 04 - -7 (e.g.)

45 mm / diameter 

Paquebot datestamp

PQ4

06 FEB 2006 (e.g.)

38 mm / diamenterbelow date "SOUTH ATLANTIC OCEAN"

datestamp of Tristan Post Office

PO3

June 1990 - ?? - 2000-04-12 (e.g.)

30 mm / diamenterdoublering datestamp

datestamp of Tristan Post Office

PO4

?? - mid 200630 mm / diameter 

datestamps of Tristan Post Office

PO5

mid 2006 - today29 mm diameter 

     
 Fake cancellations Attention - FAKES Attention - FAKES  Attention - FAKES

FAKE handstamp "L"

(according an article written by Robin Taylor in the Chronicle No. 93)

34 mm / diameter

past June 1946

 

 

FAKE handstamp "U"

(in continuation of the numbering used by Robin Taylor in the Chronicle No. 93, P 5-8)

 

28 mm / diameter

used on cover with Cape Town Paquebot 10 FEB 1931

>> there was no known ship's visit since 17th March 1930

 

Fake cover with Fake handstamp "U". On eBay the cover was offered which seemed first to be a Type III cancellation. And the Paquebot Cape Town 10 FEB 1931 was very unusual, because the last known ship before left Tristan da Cunha 17th March 1930 (Ketch Monsunen). The letters on the handstamp look like the letters on the Type IV, but the diameter is 28 mm. In use 1930/31 were only Type III and V as similar handstamps - but these handstamps are not the handstamp of the pictured cover.  

 

Thanks to Ray Lloyd, Ron Burn and Robin Taylor for their help to solve this mystery!

 

  

Copyright © 2010 - Klaus-D. Hahn

The copyright of that article published on this website remains with the author (Klaus Hahn) and the society (SHATPS)

 

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